Public Distribution Systems
Author(s): Dr. K. Sivaji
Subject(s): General Books
ISBN 9789394681989
 Published Date
  Pages 230





For policy makers, educationists and cooperators.

Title Page
Copyright Page
List of Tables
List of Charts
List of Annexure
Chapter 1 Public Distribution System—An Introduction
1.1 Introduction
1.2 Statement of the Problem
1.3 Review of Literature
1.4 Objectives
1.4.1 Methodology
1.4.2 Limitations of the Study
1.4.3 Scope of the Study
1.5 Definitions of the Concepts Used
1.5.1 Antyodaya Families
1.5.2 Cash Credit
1.5.3 Cover Deficit
1.5.4 Central Cooperative Bank
1.5.5 Essential or Controlled Commodities
1.5.6 Family Card
1.5.7 Fair Price Shop
1.5.8 Large Sized Multi Purpose Cooperative Society (LAMP)
1.5.9 Lead Society
1.5.10 Lifting of Commodities
1.5.11 Link Society
1.5.12 Non-controlled Commodities
1.5.13 Poverty Line
1.5.14 Primary Agricultural Cooperative Credit Society
1.5.15 Public Distribution System
1.5.16 Revamped Public Distribution System
1.5.17 Special Public Distribution System
1.5.18 Self Lifting Society
1.5.19 Targeted Public Distribution System
1.5.20 Universal Public Distribution System
1.6 Plan of the Study
Chapter 2 Origin and Development of Public Distribution System
2.1 Introduction
2.2 Evolution of PDS in India
2.3 PDS and Five-Year Plans
2.3.1 First Five Year Plan (1951-1956)
2.3.2 Second Five Year Plan (1956–1961)
2.3.3 Third Five Year Plan (1961–1966)
2.3.4 Fourth Five Year Plan (1969–1974)
2.3.5 Fifth Five Year Plan (1974–1979)
2.3.6 Sixth Five Year Plan (1980–1985)
2.3.7 Seventh Five Year Plan (1985–1990)
2.3.8 Eighth Five Year Plan (1992–1997)
2.3.9 Ninth Five Year Plan (1997–2002)
2.3.10 Tenth Five Year Plan (2002–2007)
2.3.11 Eleventh Five Year Plan (2007–2012)
2.4 Revamped PDS
2.5 Targeted PDS
2.5.1 New Targeted PDS
2.5.2 Antyodaya Anna Yojana (AAY)
2.5.3 Pricing Commodities Under TPDS
2.5.4 Issue Price at FPS Level
2.5.5 Scale of Supply
2.5.6 Problems of TPDS
2.6 PDS Spread and Coverage
2.7 Evolution of PDS in Tamil Nadu
2.8 Food Grain Production
2.9 Development of PDS in Tamil Nadu
2.10 Family Cards Circulation in Tamil Nadu
2.11 PDS for Hilly Areas
2.12 Norms for Opening New FPS
2.13 Salient Features of Universal PDS in Tamil Nadu
2.14 Food Subsidy
2.15 Conclusion
Chapter 3 Administrative Mechanism for the Implementation of Public Distribution System
3.1 Introduction
3.2 Department of Food and Public Distribution
3.3 Food Corporation of India (FCI)
3.4 Civil Supplies and Consumer Protection Department
3.5 Tamil Nadu Civil Supplies Corporation Ltd. (TNCSC)
3.5.1 Procurement Policy
3.5.2 Direct Purchase Centre
3.5.3 Modern Rice Mills (MRMs)
3.5.4 Appointment of Hulling Agents
3.5.5 Godowns
3.5.6 Quality Control Mechanism
3.5.7 Retail Outlets
3.6 Department of Revenue
3.7 Civil Supplies CID
3.8 Department of Labour
3.9 Department of Cooperation
3.10 Inspection, Monitoring and Review System
3.11 Conclusion
Chapter 4 Institutional Arrangements for the Functioning of the Public Distribution System in Tamil Nadu
4.1 Introduction
4.2 Selection of Beneficiaries
4.3 Printing and Issue of Family Cards
4.4 The Cooperative Network
4.5 One Village One-Shop Scheme
4.6 Role of Lead Society
4.6.1 Area of Operation of Lead Society
4.6.2 Qualification of Lead Society
4.7 Role of a Link Society
4.7.1 Relationship Between Lead and Link Societies
4.8 Role of Self-Lifting Society
4.9 Trade Margin for Cooperatives
4.10 The Problem of Cover Deficits
4.11 Government Assistance to Cooperative Societies for Running FPS
4.12 TNCSC and Lead Society
4.13 Lifting of Stocks
4.14 Route Chart and Fixed Calendar
4.15 Role of CCB
4.16 Role of Women Self Help Group
4.17 Organization of FPS
4.17.1 Role of Salesman
4.17.2 Working Hours of FPS
4.17.3 Infrastructure Facilities at FPS
4.17.4 Information Boards
4.17.5 Books of Accounts
4.17.6 ‘A’ Register
4.17.7 Drawal Register or ‘B’ Register
4.17.8 Stock Register or ‘C’ Register
4.17.9 Sales Register or Chitta
4.17.10 Liability Register
4.17.11 Complaint Register and Complaint Box
4.17.12 Bill Book
4.17.13 Allotment Order
4.18 Conclusion
Chapter 5 Nature and Distribution of Commodities Through Public Distribution System
5.1 Introduction
5.2 Sources, Mobilization, Entitlement, Rate and Offtake
5.2.1 Rice
5.2.2 Sugar
5.2.3 Wheat
5.2.4 Kerosene
5.3 Special PDS
5.4 Subsidized Grocery Items
5.5 Ooty Tea
5.6 Iodized Salt
5.7 Khadi Products
5.8 Non-controlled Goods
5.9 Conclusion
Chapter 6 An Analysis on the Functioning of the Public Distribution System
6.1 Introduction
6.2 Macro Level Issues in PDS
6.2.1 Problem in Identification of Beneficiaries
6.2.2 Misuse of Family Cards
6.2.3 Inadequate Coverage of Vulnerable Sections
6.2.4 Inadequacy of Entitlement
6.2.5 Non Availability of all Essential Commodities Under One Roof
6.2.6 Inaccessibility of PDS
6.2.7 Affordability of the People
6.2.8 Competition from Market Forces
6.2.9 Inadequate Storage Facilities
6.2.10 Viability of FPS
6.3 Micro Level Issues - Problems at FPS Level
6.3.1 Inaccessibility of FPS
6.3.2 Long Queues
6.3.3 Discourteous Behavior of the Salesmen
6.3.4 The Interference of Outsiders
6.3.5 Refusal of Supply
6.3.6 Sale of Poor Quality
6.3.7 Stock Out
6.3.8 Compulsory Sale of Non-controlled Commodities
6.3.9 Closure of FPS
6.3.10 Under-weighment
6.3.11 Stock Deficit
6.3.12 Excess Stock and Excess Supply
6.3.13 Excess Sale of Entitlement
6.3.14 Bogus Billing
6.3.15 Cash Deficit
6.3.16 Cash Excess
6.3.17 Short Remittance
6.3.18 Doubling of Entry
6.4 Action Against Irregularities
6.5 Conclusion
Chapter 7 Findings, Conclusions and Suggestions
7.1 Introduction
7.2.1 Origin and Development of Public Distribution System
7.2.2 Administrative Mechanism for Implementation of Public Distribution System
7.2.3 Institutional Arrangements for the Functioning of Public Distribution System
7.2.4 Nature and Distribution of Commodities Through Public Distribution System
7.2.5 An Analysis of the Functioning of Public Distribution System
7.3 Conclusion
7.4 Suggestions
7.4.1 Elimination of Bogus Cards
7.4.2 Construction of New Godowns
7.4.3 Need for Consumer Education
7.4.4 Viability of FPS
7.4.5 Enrichment of Job of Sales Personnel
7.4.6 Supervision of FPS
7.4.7 Continuance of Universal PDS
7.4.8 Continuance of ‘Free Rice Scheme’
7.4.9 Construction of Own Buildings for FPS
7.4.10 Workload of the Salesmen and Transparency in Distribution System
7.5 Scope for Further Research
Annexure I
Annexure II
Annexure II (A)
Annexure III
Annexure III (A)

Dr. K. Sivaji M.A., M.Phil., Ph.D. in Political Science, L.L.B., is presently the Joint Registrar of Cooperative Societies (Finance and Banking),Cooperative Department,Government of Tamilnadu He has worked as Deputy Registrar of Cooperative Societies, in Musiri Circle in Tiruchirapalli. He has served 16 years as Regional Joint Registrar in Karur, Namakkal,Salem, Madurai, Ramanathapuram, Dindigul and Thanjavur districts.He has served as Member of various committees constituted for the revival and strengthening of cooperatives in Tamil Nadu.

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