Programming in C
Subject(s): Computer Science
ISBN 9789393665461
 Published Date
  Pages 322

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This book, Programming in C, with its emphasis on programming basics and reader-friendly text, has been designed to address the requirements of undergraduate students who learn the subject in their curriculum and it covers the syllabi of all major universities.

Title Page
Copyright Page
Dedication
Contents
Preface
Chapter 1 Introduction to C Language
1.1 Introduction
1.2 Need for C programming
1.3 Why to Learn C Language?
1.4 Compiling and Executing C program
1.5 Structure of a C program
1.5.1 Sample Programs
1.5.2 Library Functions in Header File
Summary
Review Questions
Programming Exercises
Debugging Exercises
Chapter 2 Declarations in C
2.1 Introduction
2.2 Character Set
2.3 C Tokens
2.3.1 Keywords
2.3.2 Identifiers
2.3.3 Constants
2.3.4 Strings
2.3.5 Special Symbols
2.3.6 Operators
2.4 Variables
2.4.1 Variable Declaration
2.4.2 Assignment / Initialization of Variables
2.4.3 Constant Variables
2.4.4 Volatile Variables
2.5 Data Types
2.5.1 Primitive Data Types
2.5.2 Derived Data Types
2.5.3 User Defined Data Types
2.6 Storage Classes
2.6.1 Automatic Variable
2.6.2 Register Variable
2.6.3 Static Variable
2.6.4 External Variable
Summary
Review Questions
Programming Exercises
Debugging Exercises
Chapter 3 Operators and Expressions
3.1 Introduction
3.1.1 Arithmetic Operators
3.1.2 Relational Operators
3.1.3 Logical Operators
3.1.4 Assignment Operator
3.1.5 Conditional Operator
3.1.6 Bitwise Operators
3.1.7 Special Operators
3.2 Arithmetic Expressions
3.2.1 Operator Precedence and Associativity
3.2.2 Type Conversion / Casting
3.3 Mathematical Functions
Summary
Review Questions
Programming Exercises
Debugging Exercises
Chapter 4 Input and Output Operations in C
4.1 Introduction
4.2 Input/ Output Functions (I/O Functions)
4.3 Unformatted Character Functions
4.3.1 Input Functions
4.3.2 Output Functions
4.3.3 Reading and Displaying Strings (Unformatted Functions)
4.4 Formatted Input/ Output Functions
4.4.1 Formatted Input Functions
4.4.2 Formatted Output Functions
4.5 gotoxy() Function
Summary
Review Questions
Programming Exercises
Chapter 5 Decision Making and Branching
5.1 Introduction
5.2 if Statement
5.2.1 Simple if Statement
5.2.2 if-else Statement
5.2.3 nested if Statement
5.2.4 else-if Ladder
5.3 switch case Statement
5.4 Conditional Operator
Summary
Review Questions
Programming Exercises
Chapter 6 Looping and Control Structures
6.1 Introduction
6.3 DO..WHILE Statement
6.4 FOR Statement
6.4.1 Variations of FOR Loop
6.4.2 Nested FOR Construct
6.5 Unconditional Constructs
6.5.1 BREAK Statement
6.5.2 CONTINUE Statement
Summary
Review Questions
Programming Exercises
Chapter 7 Arrays
7.1 Introduction
7.2 Features of Arrays
7.3 Single-Dimensional Numeric Array
7.3.1 Declaration
7.3.2 Initialization
7.3.3 Reading and Writing
7.4 Two-Dimensional Array
7.4.1 Declaration
7.4.2 Initialization
7.4.3 Reading and Writing
7.5 Multidimensional Array
Summary
Case Study
Review Questions
Programming Exercises
Debugging Exercises
Chapter 8 Character Array and Strings
8.1 Introduction
8.2 Declaring and Initializing String Variables
8.3 Reading Strings from Terminal
8.3.1 scanf Function
8.3.2 getchar Function
8.3.3 gets Function
8.4 Writing Strings to the Terminal
8.4.1 printf Function
8.4.2 putchar Function
8.4.3 puts Function
8.5 String Handling Functions in C
8.5.1 strlen Function
8.5.2 strlwr and strupr Functions
8.5.3 strcat Function
8.5.4 strncat Function
8.5.5 strcpy Function
8.5.6 strcmp Function
8.5.7 strcmpi Function
8.5.8 strncmp Function
8.5.9 strnicmp Function
8.5.10 strdup Function
8.5.11 strstr Function
8.5.12 strset Function
8.5.13 strnset Function
8.5.14 strrev Function
8.6 Two Dimensional Character Array
Summary
Review Questions
Programming Exercises
Chapter 9 User-Defined Functions
9.1 Introduction
9.2 Need for Function
9.3 Function Prototyping / Function Declaration
9.4 Syntax of C Function
9.5 Control Flow of Function Execution
9.6 Introduction to Parameter Passing Technique
9.6.1 No Arguments and No Return Values
9.6.2 With Arguments and No Return Values
9.6.3 No Arguments and a Return Value
9.6.4 With Arguments and Return Values
9.7 Built-in Functions
9.8 Nested Functions
9.9 Recursion
9.10 Passing Arrays to Functions
9.10.1 Passing Two Dimensional Arrays to Functions
9.10.2 Passing Strings to Functions
9.11 Parameter Passing Techniques
9.12 Scope, Visibility and Lifetime of Variables
9.12.1 Automatic/Local Variables
9.12.2 External/ Global Variables
9.12.3 Static Variables
9.12.4 Register Variables
9.13 Multifile Programs
Summary
Review Questions
Programming Exercises
Chapter 10 Pointers
10.1 Understanding Pointers
10.2 Declaration of a Pointer Variable
10.3 Accessing the Address of a Variable
10.4 Initialization of Pointers
10.5 Memory Allocation
10.5.1 Static Memory Allocation
10.5.2 Dynamic Memory Allocation
10.6 Pointer Arithmetic
10.6.1 Addition of a Number to a Pointer
10.6.2 Subtraction of a Number from a Pointer
10.6.3 Subtraction of a Pointer from Another Pointer
10.6.4 Increment and Decrement Operations
10.6.5 Pointer Comparison
10.7 Pointers and Arrays
10.7.1 Pointers and One-Dimensional Array
10.7.2 Pointers and Two-Dimensional Array
10.7.3 Pointers and Character Strings
10.8 Pointers as Function Arguments / Call by Reference
10.9 Function Returning Pointer
10.10 Pointer to Function
10.11 Pointer to Pointer
10.12 Advantages of Pointers
10.13 Disadvantages of Pointers
Summary
Review Questions
Programming Exercises
Chapter 11 Structures and Unions
11.1 Introduction
11.2 Declaration of Structure
11.3 Initializing Structure Variables
11.4 Accessing Structure Elements
11.5 Storage Representation of the Structure Variables
11.6 Reading and Writing Operation in Structure
11.7 Nested Structure
11.8 Arrays of Structures
11.9 Arrays within Structures
11.10 Structures and Functions
11.10.1 Passing Each Member of the Structure as an Argument to Function
11.10.2 Passing the Copy of the Entire Structure as an Argument to Function
11.10.3 Using Pointers to Pass the Structure as an Argument
11.11 Size of Structures
11.12 Unions
11.13 Bit Fields
11.14 Comparison of Structure and Union
Summary
Review Questions
Explanatory Questions
Programming Exercises
Chapter 12 Preprocessor Directives
12.1 Introduction
12.2 Classification of Preprocessor Directives
12.2.1 Macro Substitution
12.2.3 Undefining a Macro
12.3 File Inclusion
12.4 Compiler Control Directives
12.5 Additional Directives
12.5.1 Pragma Directive
12.5.2 #error Directive
12.5.3 Stringizing Operator (#)
12.5.4 Token Pasting Operator (##)
Summary
Review Questions
Programming Exercises
Chapter 13 File Management in C
13.1 Introduction
13.2 File and its Operations
13.3 Defining and Opening a File
13.4 Closing Files
13.5 Reading and Writing Operations on a File
13.5.1 getc and putc Function
13.5.2 getw and putw Function
13.5.3 Reading and Writing Operations Using Text Streams
13.6 Error Handling Functions
13.7 Random Access to Files
13.8 Command Line Arguments
Summary
Review Questions
Programming Exercises
Chapter 14 Introduction to Object Oriented Programming
14.1 Introduction
14.1.1 Major Drawbacks of Procedural Programming
14.2 Characteristics of Procedure Oriented Approach
14.3 The Object-Oriented Approach
14.3.1 Features of Object Oriented Approach
14.4 Characteristics of Object-Oriented Languages
14.4.1 Objects
14.4.2 Classes
14.4.3 Data Abstraction and Encapsulation
14.4.4 Inheritance
14.4.5 Polymorphism
14.4.6 Dynamic Binding
14.5 Advantages of Object Oriented Programming
14.6 Differences between Structured Programming and Object Oriented Programming
14.7 Object Oriented and Object based Languages
14.8 Applications of Object Oriented Programming
Summary
Review Questions
Previous Year Question Papers
Index

Dr K Sasi Kala Rani is currently Associate Professor and Head of Computer Science and Engineering, Hindusthan Institute of Technology, Coimbatore. She has over 15 years of teaching experience. Her areas of interest include Database Management Systems, Software Engineering, Computer Networks and Object Oriented Analysis and Design. She has published eight papers in international journals

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