Industrial Relations, Labour Welfare and Labour Laws
Industrial Relations, Labour Welfare and Labour Laws
ISBN 9789393665188
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The book covers topics on social security, wage and salary administration, worker participation in management, profit-sharing and co-partnership, employee training, education and counseling in separate chapters.

  • Cover
  • Halftitle Page
  • Title Page
  • Copyright Page
  • Dedication
  • CONTENTS
  • PREFACE
  • PART ONE: INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS AND LABOUR WELFARE
    • CHAPTER 1: INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS
      • Introduction
      • Definitions of Industrial Relations
      • Industrial Relations Systems
      • Objectives of Industrial Relations
      • Importance of Industrial Relations
      • Scope of Industrial Relations
      • New Frontiers of Employees Relations
      • Shape of Industrial Relations
      • Causes for Poor Industrial Relations
      • Suggestions to Improve Industrial Relations
      • Theories of Industrial Relations
      • Summary
      • Key Terms
      • Review Questions
      • Discussion Questions
      • References
    • CHAPTER 2: INDUSTRIAL RELATIONSHIP SYSTEM IN INDIA
      • Introduction
      • Industrial Relations During Colonial Period
      • Industrial Relations in Post Independence Eras
      • Industrial Relations in Post-Globalization Period From 1991 Till Date
      • Industrial Relations Trends in India
        • Introduction
        • Effectiveness of Industrial Relation
        • Industrial Relations Environment
        • Challenges in Industrial Relations
        • The Changed Business Scenario and Industrial Relations
        • Labour Reforms
        • Neo-Liberal Judicial Trends
        • Politics-Trade Unions
        • Fragmentation Politics to Politics of Cooperation
        • Towards a More Inclusive Union Movement
        • New Trends in Collective Bargaining
      • Conclusion
      • Summary
      • Key Terms
      • Review Questions
      • Discussion Questions
      • References
    • CHAPTER 3: STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT OF INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS
      • Introduction
      • Retrenchment
      • Procedure for Retrenchment
        • Transfer of Undertaking
      • Closure
        • Concept of Closure
        • Constitutionality of Section 25FFF
        • Chapter V- B
      • Lay-Off
      • Retrenchment
      • Industrial Relations in Turnaround Management
      • Turnaround Processes and Voluntary Retirement Schemes
      • Voluntary Retirement Scheme (VRS) Policy
      • Reasons for Acceptance of Voluntary Retirement Scheme
      • Legal Aspects of Voluntary Retirement Scheme
      • Conditions for Acceptance/Refusal of Voluntary Retirement
      • Disadvantages of Voluntary Retirement Scheme
      • Advantages / Merits of Voluntary Retirement Scheme
      • The American Federation of Labor - Congress of Industrial organisation (AFL-CIO)
      • Research and Development Activities
      • A Voice in Strategic Management Decision Making and Ownership
      • Capital Investment and Pension Funds
      • Industrial Sector Approach
      • International Coordination Amongst Unions
      • Summary
      • Key Terms
      • Review Questions
      • Discussion Questions
      • References
    • CHAPTER 4: LABOUR WELFARE
      • Introduction
      • Definitions of Labour Welfare
      • Objectives of Labour Welfare
      • Reasons for the Labour Welfare Activities in India
      • Principles of Labour Welfare
      • Historical Development of Labour Welfare in India/ Evolution of Labour Welfare in India
      • Labour Welfare Officer
      • Agencies for Labour Welfare Work in India
      • Labour Welfare
      • History of Labour Welfare
      • Central Sector
      • Craftsmen Training Scheme
      • National Employment Service
      • Welfare of Labour
      • Second National Commission on Labour
      • Child Labour
      • Rehabilitation of Bonded Labour
      • Women Labour
      • Occupational Safety and Health
      • Directorate General of Factory Advice Service and Labour Institute (DGFASLI)
      • Directorate General of Mines Safety (DGMS)
      • Labour Statistics
      • Social Security
      • Approaches to Labour Welfare
      • Importance of Labour Welfare in India Reasons
      • Industrial Backwardness of India
      • Welfare Measures
      • Statutory Welfare Schemes
      • Non-Statutory Schemes
      • Labour Welfare Officer
        • Who is Labour Welfare Officer?
      • Women Labour and the Law
      • Employment Opportunities and Wage Disparity
      • Applicability of Labour Laws for Women
      • Guidelines to Prevent Sexual Harassment of Working Women
      • Explanation
      • Conducting Enquiry by the Complaints Committee
      • Disciplinary Action
      • Unfair Labour Practices
      • BPO (Business Process outsourcing)
      • Objectives of Business Process Outsourcing
      • India - The World’s Preferred BPO Destination
      • The BPO Sector in India
        • Evolution of the BPO Industry in India
      • BPO Business Models
      • Advantages of BPO
      • Disadvantages of BPO
      • Strategies for Unionization of Bpo Workers
      • Knowledge Process Outsourcing (KPO)
      • History of KPO
      • India – the World’s Largest KPO Destination
      • Advantage of KPO
      • Benefits of KPO to India
      • Conclusion
      • Summary
      • Key Terms
      • Review Questions
      • Discussion Questions
      • References
    • CHAPTER 5: SOCIAL SECURITY
      • Introduction
      • Definitions of Social Security
      • Social Security Features
      • Elements Covered Under Social Security
      • Aims of Social Security
      • Coverage of Social Security Measures
      • International Labour Organization & Social Security
      • Summary
      • Key Terms
      • Review Questions
      • Discussion Questions
      • References
    • CHAPTER 6: TRADE UNIONS
      • Introduction
      • Definitions of Trade Union
      • Nature and Characteristics of Trade Union
      • Objectives of Trade Union
      • Advantages and Importance of Trade Unions
      • Why Workers Join Trade Union?
      • Theories of Trade Unionism
      • Types of Trade Unions
      • Functions of Trade Union
      • Union Structure
      • Current Trends in Trade Unionism
      • Growth of Trade Union Movement and Membership
        • Early Period
        • A Modest Beginning
      • All India Trade Union Congress
      • Present Position of Trade Union
      • Trade Unions and their Membership
      • Problems of Trade Union
      • Weakness of Trade Unions
      • Measures for Strengthening Trade Union
      • Agricultural Labour
      • Labour in Community Development Areas
      • Average Days Employed
      • Causes of Unemployment
      • Wages and Income
      • Change in Occupation Pattern
      • Bonded Labour in Agriculture
      • Summary
      • Key Terms
      • Review Questions
      • Discussion Questions
      • References
    • CHAPTER 7: WAGES AND SALARY ADMINISTRATION
      • Introduction
      • Definitions of Wages
      • Wage vs Salary
      • Objectives of Wage and Salary Administration
      • Principles of Wages and Salary Administration
      • The Elements of Wage and Salary System
      • Essential Characteristics of Good Wage Payment System
      • Systems of Wage Payment
      • Time Wage System
      • Suitability of Time Wage System
      • Piece Wage System
      • Suitability of Piece Wage System
      • Three Concept Wages
      • Factors Affecting Wages
      • Theories of Wage Payment
      • Procedure of Wage and Salary Administration
      • Objectives of Compensation
      • Factors Influencing Compensation Levels
      • State Regulation of Wages
      • Incentive Plans
      • Definitions of Incentive Plan
      • Objectives of Wage Incentive Schemes
      • Benefits of Incentive Plans
      • Limitations of Incentive Plans
      • Essentials of A Good Incentive Plan
      • Bonus Calculations
      • Summary
      • Key Terms
      • Review Questions
      • Discussion Questions
      • References
    • CHAPTER 8: GRIEVANCE
      • Introduction
      • Definitions of Grievance
      • Nature and Characteristics of Grievance
      • Features of Grievance
      • Forms of Grievances
      • Causes of Grievances
      • Effects of Grievances
      • The Discovery of Grievances
      • Machinery for Redressal of Grievances
      • Basic Elements of a Grievance Procedure
      • Grievance Handling Procedure
      • Grievance Management In Indian Industry
      • Machinery of Redressal of Grievance Grievance Procedure
      • Grievance Procedure in Indian Industry
      • Grievance Redressal Procedure
        • Model for Grievances Redressal Procedure Central Public Sector Undertakings
      • Grievance Redressal Policy for Manufacturing Industry
      • Summary
      • Key Terms
      • Review Questions
      • Discussion Questions
      • References
    • CHAPTER 9: DISCIPLINE
      • Introduction
      • Definitions of Discipline
      • Nature and Characteristics of Discipline
      • Aims and Objectives of Disciplines
      • Three Interpretation of Discipline
      • Misconduct or Indiscipline
        • Progressive Discipline Approach
        • The Red Hot Stove Rule
      • Judicial Approach to Discipline in India
      • Disciplinary Action
      • Definitions of Disciplinary Action
      • Causes of Indiscipline and Misconduct
      • Measures and Suggestions to Check Indiscipline
      • Procedure of Disciplinary Action
      • Forms of Disciplinary Action
      • Essentials of Good Disciplinary System
      • Summary
      • Key Terms
      • Review Questions
      • Discussion Questions
      • References
    • CHAPTER 10: INDUSTRIAL HEALTH
      • Introduction
      • Definitions
      • Importance of Industrial Health
      • Causes of Bad Industrial Health
      • Suggestions and Measures to Improve the Health Conditions
      • Governmental Measures to Improve Health Conditions
      • Summary
      • Key Terms
      • Review Questions
      • Discussion Questions
      • References
    • CHAPTER 11: ABSENTEEISM AND LABOUR TURNOVER
      • Introduction
      • Causes of Absenteeism
      • Other Causes of Absenteeism
      • Cost of Absenteeism
      • Preventing Absenteeism
      • Steps to take when Dealing with Absenteeism
      • Control of Absenteeism
      • Absenteeism in Indian Organization
      • Labour Turnover
      • Causes of Labour Turnover
      • Cost of Labour Turnover
      • Methods and Measures to Control (Secure Minimum) Labour Turnover
      • Summary
      • Key Terms
      • Review Questions
      • Discussion Questions
      • References
    • CHAPTER 12: WORKERS’ PARTICIPATION IN MANAGEMENT
      • Introduction
      • Definitions of Workers’ Participation
      • Features of Workers’ Participation in Management
      • Objectives of Workers Participation in Management
      • Need for Participation
      • Levels of Participation
      • Forms of Participation
      • Five Interpretation of Participation
      • Reasons for Failures of Workers’ Participation
      • Effective Workers’ Participation in Management
      • Measures for Making Participation Successful
      • Alternative Approaches to Participation
      • Quality Circles’ Objectives
      • Composition of Quality Circle
      • Quality Circles Structure
      • How Do Quality Circles Work?
      • Quality Circles in India
      • How to make Qcs Effective?
      • Suggestions for Effective use of Quality Circles
      • Quality of Working Life (Qwl)
      • Major Issues in Quality of Working Life
      • Quality of Work Life Councils
      • How to Measure Quality of Work Life?
      • Obstacles to Quality of Work Life Programme
      • Improving the Quality of Work Life
      • Joint Management Council
      • Functions of Joint Management Councils
      • Summary
      • Key Terms
      • Review Questions
      • Discussion Questions
      • References
    • CHAPTER 13: PROFIT SHARING AND CO-PARTNERSHIP
      • Introduction
      • Definitions of Profit Sharing
      • Nature and Features of Profit Sharing
      • Objects and Purpose of Profit Sharing
      • Advantages of Profit Sharing
      • Demerits of Profit Sharing
      • Labour Co-partnership
      • Features of Co-partnership
      • Advantages of Co-partnership
      • Limitations of Co-partnership
      • Summary
      • Key Terms
      • Review Questions
      • Discussion Questions
      • References
    • CHAPTER 14: INDUSTRIAL SAFETY AND ACCIDENTS
      • Introduction
      • Safety Programme (Prevention of Accidents)
      • Accidents
      • Definitions of Accident
      • Causes of Accidents
      • Safety Measures to Prevent Accidents
      • Accident Proneness
      • Causes of Accident Proneness
      • Accident Costs
      • Measurement of Accidents
      • Accident Reports and Records
      • Accident Prevention Programmes
      • Summary
      • Key Terms
      • Review Questions
      • Discussion Questions
      • References
    • CHAPTER 15: EMPLOYEE TRAINING, EDUCATION AND COUNSELLING
      • Introduction
      • Definitions of Training
      • Need for Training
      • Importance of Training
      • Types of Training
      • On-The-Job Training
      • Off-the Job Training
      • Workers’ Training According to Labour Laws
      • Workers’ Education
      • Workers’ Education in India
      • Workers’ Education Contents
      • Activities of Central Board for Workers Education (CBWE)
      • Levels of Workers’ Education Programme
      • Employee Counselling
      • Aims of Counselling
      • Need for Counselling
      • Functions of Counselling
      • Characteristics of People with Good Mental Health
      • The Manager’s Counselling Role
      • Types of Counselling
      • Summary
      • Key Terms
      • Review Questions
      • Discussion Questions
      • References
    • CHAPTER 16: INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS AT INTERNATIONAL LEVELS
      • Introduction
        • International Principles of Industrial Relations
      • Europe’s Industrial Relations
      • Industrial Relations and the Lisbon Strategy
        • Six Policy Areas Related to the Lisbon Strategy
      • Wage Bargaining Institutions
      • Collective Bargaining
      • Industrial Relations in Usa
      • Difference between American and Western Europe Labour Relations
      • Industrial Relations in North America
      • Industrial Relations in South America
      • Industrial Relations in Germany
      • Industrial Relations in Japan
      • Industrial Relations in UK
      • Summary
      • Key Terms
      • Review Questions
      • Discussion Questions
      • References
    • CHAPTER 17: COLLECTIVE BARGAINING
      • Introduction
      • Definitions of Collective Bargaining
      • Concept of Collective Bargaining
      • Features
      • Objectives
      • Negative Aspects of Collective Bargaining
      • Approaches to Collective Bargaining
      • Types of Bargaining
      • Importance of Collective Bargaining
      • The Process of Collective Bargaining
      • Clauses in Collective Agreement
      • Prerequisites/Principles Of Collective Bargaining Process and Success
      • Popular Bargaining Tactics
      • Bargaining Limits
      • Collective Bargaining in India
      • Suggestions for Effective Implementation of Collective Bargaining
      • Role of State in Collective Bargaining
      • Collective Bargaining and Its Effects within Globalization
      • Countries’ Participation in Collective Bargaining
      • Summary
      • Key Terms
      • Review Questions
      • Discussion Questions
      • References
    • CHAPTER 18: INTERNATIONAL LABOUR ORGANIZATION (ILO)
      • Introduction
      • Mission and Objectives of Ilo
      • Theoretical Perspectives
      • Functional Areas of Ilo Activities
      • ILO & India
      • National Commission of Labour (NCL)
      • Approaches in Drafting the Law on Labour Management Relations
      • Industrial Relations and Trade Union
      • Commission’s View
      • Contract Labour / Casual Workers Temporary Workers
      • Employee Wages
      • Working Conditions
      • Social Security
      • Other Recommendations
      • Conclusion
      • Summary
      • Key Terms
      • Review Questions
      • Discussion Questions
      • References
    • CHAPTER 19: INDUSTRIAL DISPUTES
      • Introduction
      • Nature and Characteristics of Industrial Disputes
      • Forms of Industrial Disputes
      • Causes of Industrial Disputes
      • Conflicts/Dispute Caused by Unions
      • Conflicts/Dispute Caused by Management
      • Types of Industrial Disputes
      • Prevention of Industrial Disputes
      • Settlement of Industrial Disputes
      • Conciliation
      • Industrial Disputes in India
      • Arbitration
      • Statutory History of Arbitration
      • Reference of Dispute to Arbitration Under Industrial Disputes Act, 1947
      • Reference to the Arbitrator
      • The Advantages and Disadvantages of Arbitration
      • Arbitrators Duty of Disclosure
      • Conclusion
      • Industrial Conflicts
      • Strikes and Lock-Outs
      • Prohibition of Strike and Lock-Outs
      • Illegal Strikes and Lock-Outs
      • Penalty For Illegal Strikes and Lock-Outs
      • Adjudication
      • Adjudication of Industrial Disputes
      • Industrial Tribunals
      • Power of the Government to Refer a Dispute for Adjudication
      • Labour Court
      • Jurisdiction
      • Impact of Good Industrial Relations
      • Summary
      • Key Terms
      • Review Questions
      • Discussion Questions
      • References
  • PART TWO: LABOUR LAWS
    • CHAPTER 20: THE TRADE UNION ACT, 1926
      • Introduction
      • Statement of Objects and Reasons
      • Preliminary
      • Registration of Trade Union
      • Rights and Liabilities of Registered Trade Unions
      • Regulations
      • Penalties and Procedure
      • The Trade Unions (Amendment) Act, 2001
      • Points to Remember
      • Trade Union Forms
      • Form A
        • Annexure B
      • Form D
      • Summary
      • Key Terms
      • Review Questions
      • Discussion Questions
      • References
    • CHAPTER 21: THE INDUSTRIAL DISPUTES ACT, 1947
      • Introduction
      • Statement of Object and Reasons
      • Preliminary
      • Authorities Under this Act
      • Procedure, Powers and Duties of Authorities
      • Strikes and Lock-outs
      • Lay-off and Retrenchment
      • Unfair Labour Practices
      • Penalties
      • Summary
      • Points to Remember
      • Key Terms
      • Review Questions
      • Discussion Questions
      • References
    • CHAPTER 22: THE INDUSTRIAL EMPLOYMENT (STANDING ORDERS) ACT, 1946
      • Introduction
      • Summary
      • Points to Remember
      • Key Terms
      • Review Questions
      • Discussion Questions
      • References
    • CHAPTER 23: THE PAYMENT OF WAGES ACT, 1936
      • Introduction
      • Objective of the Act
      • Scope and Coverage
      • Definitions
      • The Payment of Wages (Amendment) Act, 2005
        • An Act Further to Amend the Payment of Wages Act, 1936
      • Summary
      • Points to Remember
      • Key Terms
      • Review Questions
      • Discussion Questions
      • References
    • CHAPTER 24: THE MINIMUM WAGES ACT, 1948
      • Introduction
      • Statement of Objects and Reasons
      • Definitions
      • Summary
      • Points to Remember
      • Key Terms
      • Review Questions
      • Discussion Questions
      • References
    • CHAPTER 25: THE FACTORIES ACT, 1948
      • Introduction
      • Statement of Objects and Reasons
      • Preliminary
      • Chapter II: The Inspecting Staff
      • Chapter III: Health
      • Chapter IV Safety
      • Chapter V: Welfare
      • Chapter VI: Working Hours of Adults
      • Chapter VII: Employment of Young Persons
      • Chapter VIII: Annual Leave With Wages
      • Penalties and Procedure
      • Summary
      • Points to Remember
      • Key Terms
      • Review Questions
      • Discussion Questions
      • References
    • CHAPTER 26: THE WORKMEN’S COMPENSATION ACT, 1923
      • Introduction
      • Statement of Objects and Reasons
      • Chapter I: Preliminary
      • Chapter II: Workmen’s Compensation
      • Chapter III: Commissioners
      • Chapter IV: Rules
      • Summary
      • Points to Remember
      • Key Terms
      • Review Questions
      • Discussion Questions
      • References
    • CHAPTER 27: THE EMPLOYEES’ STATE INSURANCE ACT, 1948
      • Introduction
      • Statement of Objects and Reasons
      • Preliminary
      • Corporation, Standing Committee and Medical Benefit Council
      • Finance and Audit
      • Contributions
      • Benefits
      • Adjudication of Dispute and Claims
      • Penalties
      • Summary
      • Points to Remember
      • Key Terms
      • Review Questions
      • Discussion Questions
      • References
    • CHAPTER 28: THE PAYMENT OF GRATUITY ACT, 1972
      • Introduction
      • Statement of Objects and Reasons
      • Summary
      • Points to Remember
      • Key Terms
      • Review Questions
      • Discussion Questions
      • References
    • CHAPTER 29: THE EMPLOYEES’ PROVIDENT FUNDS AND MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS ACT, 1952
      • Introduction
      • Objective
      • Scope of the Act
      • Summary
      • Points to Remember
      • Key Terms
      • Review Questions
      • Discussion Questions
      • References
    • CHAPTER 30: THE PAYMENT OF BONUS ACT, 1965
      • Introduction
      • Definitions
      • Summary
      • Points to Remember
      • Key Terms
      • Review Questions
      • Discussion Questions
      • References
    • CHAPTER 31: THE APPRENTICES ACT, 1961
      • Introduction
      • Preliminary
      • Apprentices and their Training
      • Authorities
      • Summary
      • Points to Remember
      • Key Terms
      • Review Questions
      • Discussion Questions
      • References
    • CHAPTER 32: THE BONDED LABOUR SYSTEM (ABOLITION) ACT, 1976
      • Introduction
      • Preliminary
      • Abolition of Bonded Labour System
      • Extinguishment of Liability to Repay Bonded Debt
      • Implementing Authorities
      • Vigilance Committees
      • Miscellaneous
      • Summary
      • Points to Remember
      • Key Terms
      • Review Questions
      • Discussion Questions
      • References
    • CHAPTER 33: THE EMPLOYMENT EXCHANGES (COMPULSORY NOTIFICATION OF VACANCIES) ACT, 1959 AND EMPLOYEES FAMILY PENSION SCHEME 1971
      • Introduction
      • Preliminary
      • Employees Family Pension Scheme 1971
      • Benefits of Employees’ Pension Scheme
      • Applicability of the Scheme
      • Summary
      • Points to Remember
      • Key Terms
      • Review Questions
      • Discussion Questions
      • References
    • CHAPTER 34: THE CHILD LABOUR (Prohibition AND REGULATION) ACT, 1986
      • Introduction
      • Preliminary
      • Prohibition of Employment of Children in Certain Occupations and Processes
      • Regulation of Conditions of Work of Children
      • Miscellaneous
      • Summary
      • Points to Remember
      • Key Terms
      • Review Questions
      • Discussion Questions
      • References
    • CHAPTER 35: THE CONTRACT LABOUR (REGULATION AND ABOLITION) ACT, 1970
      • Introduction
      • Preliminary
      • The Advisory Boards
      • Registration of Establishments Employing Contract Labour
      • Licensing of Contractors
      • Welfare and Health of Contract Labour
      • Penalties and Procedure
      • Miscellaneous
      • Summary
      • Points to Remember
      • Key Terms
      • Review Questions
      • Discussion Questions
      • References
    • CHAPTER 36: THE EQUAL REMUNERATION ACT, 1976
      • Introduction
      • Preliminary
      • Payment of Remuneration at Equal Rates to Men and Women Workers and Other Matters
      • Miscellaneous
      • Summary
      • Key Terms
      • Review Questions
      • Discussion Questions
      • References
    • CHAPTER 37: THE MATERNITY BENEFIT ACT, 1961
      • Introduction
      • Summary
      • Points to Remember
      • Key Terms
      • Review Questions
      • Discussion Questions
      • References
  • CASELETS
  • Index

Mr. B. Nandhakumar is currently working as an Assistant Professor, Department of Management Studies, Hindustan College of Arts & Science, Coimbatore. He has more than 14 years of work experience both in industry and academic institutions. A prolific writer and a keen researcher, he has written 15 books in the field of management, computer science and psychology.

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Description

The book covers topics on social security, wage and salary administration, worker participation in management, profit-sharing and co-partnership, employee training, education and counseling in separate chapters.

Table of contents
  • Cover
  • Halftitle Page
  • Title Page
  • Copyright Page
  • Dedication
  • CONTENTS
  • PREFACE
  • PART ONE: INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS AND LABOUR WELFARE
    • CHAPTER 1: INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS
      • Introduction
      • Definitions of Industrial Relations
      • Industrial Relations Systems
      • Objectives of Industrial Relations
      • Importance of Industrial Relations
      • Scope of Industrial Relations
      • New Frontiers of Employees Relations
      • Shape of Industrial Relations
      • Causes for Poor Industrial Relations
      • Suggestions to Improve Industrial Relations
      • Theories of Industrial Relations
      • Summary
      • Key Terms
      • Review Questions
      • Discussion Questions
      • References
    • CHAPTER 2: INDUSTRIAL RELATIONSHIP SYSTEM IN INDIA
      • Introduction
      • Industrial Relations During Colonial Period
      • Industrial Relations in Post Independence Eras
      • Industrial Relations in Post-Globalization Period From 1991 Till Date
      • Industrial Relations Trends in India
        • Introduction
        • Effectiveness of Industrial Relation
        • Industrial Relations Environment
        • Challenges in Industrial Relations
        • The Changed Business Scenario and Industrial Relations
        • Labour Reforms
        • Neo-Liberal Judicial Trends
        • Politics-Trade Unions
        • Fragmentation Politics to Politics of Cooperation
        • Towards a More Inclusive Union Movement
        • New Trends in Collective Bargaining
      • Conclusion
      • Summary
      • Key Terms
      • Review Questions
      • Discussion Questions
      • References
    • CHAPTER 3: STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT OF INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS
      • Introduction
      • Retrenchment
      • Procedure for Retrenchment
        • Transfer of Undertaking
      • Closure
        • Concept of Closure
        • Constitutionality of Section 25FFF
        • Chapter V- B
      • Lay-Off
      • Retrenchment
      • Industrial Relations in Turnaround Management
      • Turnaround Processes and Voluntary Retirement Schemes
      • Voluntary Retirement Scheme (VRS) Policy
      • Reasons for Acceptance of Voluntary Retirement Scheme
      • Legal Aspects of Voluntary Retirement Scheme
      • Conditions for Acceptance/Refusal of Voluntary Retirement
      • Disadvantages of Voluntary Retirement Scheme
      • Advantages / Merits of Voluntary Retirement Scheme
      • The American Federation of Labor - Congress of Industrial organisation (AFL-CIO)
      • Research and Development Activities
      • A Voice in Strategic Management Decision Making and Ownership
      • Capital Investment and Pension Funds
      • Industrial Sector Approach
      • International Coordination Amongst Unions
      • Summary
      • Key Terms
      • Review Questions
      • Discussion Questions
      • References
    • CHAPTER 4: LABOUR WELFARE
      • Introduction
      • Definitions of Labour Welfare
      • Objectives of Labour Welfare
      • Reasons for the Labour Welfare Activities in India
      • Principles of Labour Welfare
      • Historical Development of Labour Welfare in India/ Evolution of Labour Welfare in India
      • Labour Welfare Officer
      • Agencies for Labour Welfare Work in India
      • Labour Welfare
      • History of Labour Welfare
      • Central Sector
      • Craftsmen Training Scheme
      • National Employment Service
      • Welfare of Labour
      • Second National Commission on Labour
      • Child Labour
      • Rehabilitation of Bonded Labour
      • Women Labour
      • Occupational Safety and Health
      • Directorate General of Factory Advice Service and Labour Institute (DGFASLI)
      • Directorate General of Mines Safety (DGMS)
      • Labour Statistics
      • Social Security
      • Approaches to Labour Welfare
      • Importance of Labour Welfare in India Reasons
      • Industrial Backwardness of India
      • Welfare Measures
      • Statutory Welfare Schemes
      • Non-Statutory Schemes
      • Labour Welfare Officer
        • Who is Labour Welfare Officer?
      • Women Labour and the Law
      • Employment Opportunities and Wage Disparity
      • Applicability of Labour Laws for Women
      • Guidelines to Prevent Sexual Harassment of Working Women
      • Explanation
      • Conducting Enquiry by the Complaints Committee
      • Disciplinary Action
      • Unfair Labour Practices
      • BPO (Business Process outsourcing)
      • Objectives of Business Process Outsourcing
      • India - The World’s Preferred BPO Destination
      • The BPO Sector in India
        • Evolution of the BPO Industry in India
      • BPO Business Models
      • Advantages of BPO
      • Disadvantages of BPO
      • Strategies for Unionization of Bpo Workers
      • Knowledge Process Outsourcing (KPO)
      • History of KPO
      • India – the World’s Largest KPO Destination
      • Advantage of KPO
      • Benefits of KPO to India
      • Conclusion
      • Summary
      • Key Terms
      • Review Questions
      • Discussion Questions
      • References
    • CHAPTER 5: SOCIAL SECURITY
      • Introduction
      • Definitions of Social Security
      • Social Security Features
      • Elements Covered Under Social Security
      • Aims of Social Security
      • Coverage of Social Security Measures
      • International Labour Organization & Social Security
      • Summary
      • Key Terms
      • Review Questions
      • Discussion Questions
      • References
    • CHAPTER 6: TRADE UNIONS
      • Introduction
      • Definitions of Trade Union
      • Nature and Characteristics of Trade Union
      • Objectives of Trade Union
      • Advantages and Importance of Trade Unions
      • Why Workers Join Trade Union?
      • Theories of Trade Unionism
      • Types of Trade Unions
      • Functions of Trade Union
      • Union Structure
      • Current Trends in Trade Unionism
      • Growth of Trade Union Movement and Membership
        • Early Period
        • A Modest Beginning
      • All India Trade Union Congress
      • Present Position of Trade Union
      • Trade Unions and their Membership
      • Problems of Trade Union
      • Weakness of Trade Unions
      • Measures for Strengthening Trade Union
      • Agricultural Labour
      • Labour in Community Development Areas
      • Average Days Employed
      • Causes of Unemployment
      • Wages and Income
      • Change in Occupation Pattern
      • Bonded Labour in Agriculture
      • Summary
      • Key Terms
      • Review Questions
      • Discussion Questions
      • References
    • CHAPTER 7: WAGES AND SALARY ADMINISTRATION
      • Introduction
      • Definitions of Wages
      • Wage vs Salary
      • Objectives of Wage and Salary Administration
      • Principles of Wages and Salary Administration
      • The Elements of Wage and Salary System
      • Essential Characteristics of Good Wage Payment System
      • Systems of Wage Payment
      • Time Wage System
      • Suitability of Time Wage System
      • Piece Wage System
      • Suitability of Piece Wage System
      • Three Concept Wages
      • Factors Affecting Wages
      • Theories of Wage Payment
      • Procedure of Wage and Salary Administration
      • Objectives of Compensation
      • Factors Influencing Compensation Levels
      • State Regulation of Wages
      • Incentive Plans
      • Definitions of Incentive Plan
      • Objectives of Wage Incentive Schemes
      • Benefits of Incentive Plans
      • Limitations of Incentive Plans
      • Essentials of A Good Incentive Plan
      • Bonus Calculations
      • Summary
      • Key Terms
      • Review Questions
      • Discussion Questions
      • References
    • CHAPTER 8: GRIEVANCE
      • Introduction
      • Definitions of Grievance
      • Nature and Characteristics of Grievance
      • Features of Grievance
      • Forms of Grievances
      • Causes of Grievances
      • Effects of Grievances
      • The Discovery of Grievances
      • Machinery for Redressal of Grievances
      • Basic Elements of a Grievance Procedure
      • Grievance Handling Procedure
      • Grievance Management In Indian Industry
      • Machinery of Redressal of Grievance Grievance Procedure
      • Grievance Procedure in Indian Industry
      • Grievance Redressal Procedure
        • Model for Grievances Redressal Procedure Central Public Sector Undertakings
      • Grievance Redressal Policy for Manufacturing Industry
      • Summary
      • Key Terms
      • Review Questions
      • Discussion Questions
      • References
    • CHAPTER 9: DISCIPLINE
      • Introduction
      • Definitions of Discipline
      • Nature and Characteristics of Discipline
      • Aims and Objectives of Disciplines
      • Three Interpretation of Discipline
      • Misconduct or Indiscipline
        • Progressive Discipline Approach
        • The Red Hot Stove Rule
      • Judicial Approach to Discipline in India
      • Disciplinary Action
      • Definitions of Disciplinary Action
      • Causes of Indiscipline and Misconduct
      • Measures and Suggestions to Check Indiscipline
      • Procedure of Disciplinary Action
      • Forms of Disciplinary Action
      • Essentials of Good Disciplinary System
      • Summary
      • Key Terms
      • Review Questions
      • Discussion Questions
      • References
    • CHAPTER 10: INDUSTRIAL HEALTH
      • Introduction
      • Definitions
      • Importance of Industrial Health
      • Causes of Bad Industrial Health
      • Suggestions and Measures to Improve the Health Conditions
      • Governmental Measures to Improve Health Conditions
      • Summary
      • Key Terms
      • Review Questions
      • Discussion Questions
      • References
    • CHAPTER 11: ABSENTEEISM AND LABOUR TURNOVER
      • Introduction
      • Causes of Absenteeism
      • Other Causes of Absenteeism
      • Cost of Absenteeism
      • Preventing Absenteeism
      • Steps to take when Dealing with Absenteeism
      • Control of Absenteeism
      • Absenteeism in Indian Organization
      • Labour Turnover
      • Causes of Labour Turnover
      • Cost of Labour Turnover
      • Methods and Measures to Control (Secure Minimum) Labour Turnover
      • Summary
      • Key Terms
      • Review Questions
      • Discussion Questions
      • References
    • CHAPTER 12: WORKERS’ PARTICIPATION IN MANAGEMENT
      • Introduction
      • Definitions of Workers’ Participation
      • Features of Workers’ Participation in Management
      • Objectives of Workers Participation in Management
      • Need for Participation
      • Levels of Participation
      • Forms of Participation
      • Five Interpretation of Participation
      • Reasons for Failures of Workers’ Participation
      • Effective Workers’ Participation in Management
      • Measures for Making Participation Successful
      • Alternative Approaches to Participation
      • Quality Circles’ Objectives
      • Composition of Quality Circle
      • Quality Circles Structure
      • How Do Quality Circles Work?
      • Quality Circles in India
      • How to make Qcs Effective?
      • Suggestions for Effective use of Quality Circles
      • Quality of Working Life (Qwl)
      • Major Issues in Quality of Working Life
      • Quality of Work Life Councils
      • How to Measure Quality of Work Life?
      • Obstacles to Quality of Work Life Programme
      • Improving the Quality of Work Life
      • Joint Management Council
      • Functions of Joint Management Councils
      • Summary
      • Key Terms
      • Review Questions
      • Discussion Questions
      • References
    • CHAPTER 13: PROFIT SHARING AND CO-PARTNERSHIP
      • Introduction
      • Definitions of Profit Sharing
      • Nature and Features of Profit Sharing
      • Objects and Purpose of Profit Sharing
      • Advantages of Profit Sharing
      • Demerits of Profit Sharing
      • Labour Co-partnership
      • Features of Co-partnership
      • Advantages of Co-partnership
      • Limitations of Co-partnership
      • Summary
      • Key Terms
      • Review Questions
      • Discussion Questions
      • References
    • CHAPTER 14: INDUSTRIAL SAFETY AND ACCIDENTS
      • Introduction
      • Safety Programme (Prevention of Accidents)
      • Accidents
      • Definitions of Accident
      • Causes of Accidents
      • Safety Measures to Prevent Accidents
      • Accident Proneness
      • Causes of Accident Proneness
      • Accident Costs
      • Measurement of Accidents
      • Accident Reports and Records
      • Accident Prevention Programmes
      • Summary
      • Key Terms
      • Review Questions
      • Discussion Questions
      • References
    • CHAPTER 15: EMPLOYEE TRAINING, EDUCATION AND COUNSELLING
      • Introduction
      • Definitions of Training
      • Need for Training
      • Importance of Training
      • Types of Training
      • On-The-Job Training
      • Off-the Job Training
      • Workers’ Training According to Labour Laws
      • Workers’ Education
      • Workers’ Education in India
      • Workers’ Education Contents
      • Activities of Central Board for Workers Education (CBWE)
      • Levels of Workers’ Education Programme
      • Employee Counselling
      • Aims of Counselling
      • Need for Counselling
      • Functions of Counselling
      • Characteristics of People with Good Mental Health
      • The Manager’s Counselling Role
      • Types of Counselling
      • Summary
      • Key Terms
      • Review Questions
      • Discussion Questions
      • References
    • CHAPTER 16: INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS AT INTERNATIONAL LEVELS
      • Introduction
        • International Principles of Industrial Relations
      • Europe’s Industrial Relations
      • Industrial Relations and the Lisbon Strategy
        • Six Policy Areas Related to the Lisbon Strategy
      • Wage Bargaining Institutions
      • Collective Bargaining
      • Industrial Relations in Usa
      • Difference between American and Western Europe Labour Relations
      • Industrial Relations in North America
      • Industrial Relations in South America
      • Industrial Relations in Germany
      • Industrial Relations in Japan
      • Industrial Relations in UK
      • Summary
      • Key Terms
      • Review Questions
      • Discussion Questions
      • References
    • CHAPTER 17: COLLECTIVE BARGAINING
      • Introduction
      • Definitions of Collective Bargaining
      • Concept of Collective Bargaining
      • Features
      • Objectives
      • Negative Aspects of Collective Bargaining
      • Approaches to Collective Bargaining
      • Types of Bargaining
      • Importance of Collective Bargaining
      • The Process of Collective Bargaining
      • Clauses in Collective Agreement
      • Prerequisites/Principles Of Collective Bargaining Process and Success
      • Popular Bargaining Tactics
      • Bargaining Limits
      • Collective Bargaining in India
      • Suggestions for Effective Implementation of Collective Bargaining
      • Role of State in Collective Bargaining
      • Collective Bargaining and Its Effects within Globalization
      • Countries’ Participation in Collective Bargaining
      • Summary
      • Key Terms
      • Review Questions
      • Discussion Questions
      • References
    • CHAPTER 18: INTERNATIONAL LABOUR ORGANIZATION (ILO)
      • Introduction
      • Mission and Objectives of Ilo
      • Theoretical Perspectives
      • Functional Areas of Ilo Activities
      • ILO & India
      • National Commission of Labour (NCL)
      • Approaches in Drafting the Law on Labour Management Relations
      • Industrial Relations and Trade Union
      • Commission’s View
      • Contract Labour / Casual Workers Temporary Workers
      • Employee Wages
      • Working Conditions
      • Social Security
      • Other Recommendations
      • Conclusion
      • Summary
      • Key Terms
      • Review Questions
      • Discussion Questions
      • References
    • CHAPTER 19: INDUSTRIAL DISPUTES
      • Introduction
      • Nature and Characteristics of Industrial Disputes
      • Forms of Industrial Disputes
      • Causes of Industrial Disputes
      • Conflicts/Dispute Caused by Unions
      • Conflicts/Dispute Caused by Management
      • Types of Industrial Disputes
      • Prevention of Industrial Disputes
      • Settlement of Industrial Disputes
      • Conciliation
      • Industrial Disputes in India
      • Arbitration
      • Statutory History of Arbitration
      • Reference of Dispute to Arbitration Under Industrial Disputes Act, 1947
      • Reference to the Arbitrator
      • The Advantages and Disadvantages of Arbitration
      • Arbitrators Duty of Disclosure
      • Conclusion
      • Industrial Conflicts
      • Strikes and Lock-Outs
      • Prohibition of Strike and Lock-Outs
      • Illegal Strikes and Lock-Outs
      • Penalty For Illegal Strikes and Lock-Outs
      • Adjudication
      • Adjudication of Industrial Disputes
      • Industrial Tribunals
      • Power of the Government to Refer a Dispute for Adjudication
      • Labour Court
      • Jurisdiction
      • Impact of Good Industrial Relations
      • Summary
      • Key Terms
      • Review Questions
      • Discussion Questions
      • References
  • PART TWO: LABOUR LAWS
    • CHAPTER 20: THE TRADE UNION ACT, 1926
      • Introduction
      • Statement of Objects and Reasons
      • Preliminary
      • Registration of Trade Union
      • Rights and Liabilities of Registered Trade Unions
      • Regulations
      • Penalties and Procedure
      • The Trade Unions (Amendment) Act, 2001
      • Points to Remember
      • Trade Union Forms
      • Form A
        • Annexure B
      • Form D
      • Summary
      • Key Terms
      • Review Questions
      • Discussion Questions
      • References
    • CHAPTER 21: THE INDUSTRIAL DISPUTES ACT, 1947
      • Introduction
      • Statement of Object and Reasons
      • Preliminary
      • Authorities Under this Act
      • Procedure, Powers and Duties of Authorities
      • Strikes and Lock-outs
      • Lay-off and Retrenchment
      • Unfair Labour Practices
      • Penalties
      • Summary
      • Points to Remember
      • Key Terms
      • Review Questions
      • Discussion Questions
      • References
    • CHAPTER 22: THE INDUSTRIAL EMPLOYMENT (STANDING ORDERS) ACT, 1946
      • Introduction
      • Summary
      • Points to Remember
      • Key Terms
      • Review Questions
      • Discussion Questions
      • References
    • CHAPTER 23: THE PAYMENT OF WAGES ACT, 1936
      • Introduction
      • Objective of the Act
      • Scope and Coverage
      • Definitions
      • The Payment of Wages (Amendment) Act, 2005
        • An Act Further to Amend the Payment of Wages Act, 1936
      • Summary
      • Points to Remember
      • Key Terms
      • Review Questions
      • Discussion Questions
      • References
    • CHAPTER 24: THE MINIMUM WAGES ACT, 1948
      • Introduction
      • Statement of Objects and Reasons
      • Definitions
      • Summary
      • Points to Remember
      • Key Terms
      • Review Questions
      • Discussion Questions
      • References
    • CHAPTER 25: THE FACTORIES ACT, 1948
      • Introduction
      • Statement of Objects and Reasons
      • Preliminary
      • Chapter II: The Inspecting Staff
      • Chapter III: Health
      • Chapter IV Safety
      • Chapter V: Welfare
      • Chapter VI: Working Hours of Adults
      • Chapter VII: Employment of Young Persons
      • Chapter VIII: Annual Leave With Wages
      • Penalties and Procedure
      • Summary
      • Points to Remember
      • Key Terms
      • Review Questions
      • Discussion Questions
      • References
    • CHAPTER 26: THE WORKMEN’S COMPENSATION ACT, 1923
      • Introduction
      • Statement of Objects and Reasons
      • Chapter I: Preliminary
      • Chapter II: Workmen’s Compensation
      • Chapter III: Commissioners
      • Chapter IV: Rules
      • Summary
      • Points to Remember
      • Key Terms
      • Review Questions
      • Discussion Questions
      • References
    • CHAPTER 27: THE EMPLOYEES’ STATE INSURANCE ACT, 1948
      • Introduction
      • Statement of Objects and Reasons
      • Preliminary
      • Corporation, Standing Committee and Medical Benefit Council
      • Finance and Audit
      • Contributions
      • Benefits
      • Adjudication of Dispute and Claims
      • Penalties
      • Summary
      • Points to Remember
      • Key Terms
      • Review Questions
      • Discussion Questions
      • References
    • CHAPTER 28: THE PAYMENT OF GRATUITY ACT, 1972
      • Introduction
      • Statement of Objects and Reasons
      • Summary
      • Points to Remember
      • Key Terms
      • Review Questions
      • Discussion Questions
      • References
    • CHAPTER 29: THE EMPLOYEES’ PROVIDENT FUNDS AND MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS ACT, 1952
      • Introduction
      • Objective
      • Scope of the Act
      • Summary
      • Points to Remember
      • Key Terms
      • Review Questions
      • Discussion Questions
      • References
    • CHAPTER 30: THE PAYMENT OF BONUS ACT, 1965
      • Introduction
      • Definitions
      • Summary
      • Points to Remember
      • Key Terms
      • Review Questions
      • Discussion Questions
      • References
    • CHAPTER 31: THE APPRENTICES ACT, 1961
      • Introduction
      • Preliminary
      • Apprentices and their Training
      • Authorities
      • Summary
      • Points to Remember
      • Key Terms
      • Review Questions
      • Discussion Questions
      • References
    • CHAPTER 32: THE BONDED LABOUR SYSTEM (ABOLITION) ACT, 1976
      • Introduction
      • Preliminary
      • Abolition of Bonded Labour System
      • Extinguishment of Liability to Repay Bonded Debt
      • Implementing Authorities
      • Vigilance Committees
      • Miscellaneous
      • Summary
      • Points to Remember
      • Key Terms
      • Review Questions
      • Discussion Questions
      • References
    • CHAPTER 33: THE EMPLOYMENT EXCHANGES (COMPULSORY NOTIFICATION OF VACANCIES) ACT, 1959 AND EMPLOYEES FAMILY PENSION SCHEME 1971
      • Introduction
      • Preliminary
      • Employees Family Pension Scheme 1971
      • Benefits of Employees’ Pension Scheme
      • Applicability of the Scheme
      • Summary
      • Points to Remember
      • Key Terms
      • Review Questions
      • Discussion Questions
      • References
    • CHAPTER 34: THE CHILD LABOUR (Prohibition AND REGULATION) ACT, 1986
      • Introduction
      • Preliminary
      • Prohibition of Employment of Children in Certain Occupations and Processes
      • Regulation of Conditions of Work of Children
      • Miscellaneous
      • Summary
      • Points to Remember
      • Key Terms
      • Review Questions
      • Discussion Questions
      • References
    • CHAPTER 35: THE CONTRACT LABOUR (REGULATION AND ABOLITION) ACT, 1970
      • Introduction
      • Preliminary
      • The Advisory Boards
      • Registration of Establishments Employing Contract Labour
      • Licensing of Contractors
      • Welfare and Health of Contract Labour
      • Penalties and Procedure
      • Miscellaneous
      • Summary
      • Points to Remember
      • Key Terms
      • Review Questions
      • Discussion Questions
      • References
    • CHAPTER 36: THE EQUAL REMUNERATION ACT, 1976
      • Introduction
      • Preliminary
      • Payment of Remuneration at Equal Rates to Men and Women Workers and Other Matters
      • Miscellaneous
      • Summary
      • Key Terms
      • Review Questions
      • Discussion Questions
      • References
    • CHAPTER 37: THE MATERNITY BENEFIT ACT, 1961
      • Introduction
      • Summary
      • Points to Remember
      • Key Terms
      • Review Questions
      • Discussion Questions
      • References
  • CASELETS
  • Index
Biographical note

Mr. B. Nandhakumar is currently working as an Assistant Professor, Department of Management Studies, Hindustan College of Arts & Science, Coimbatore. He has more than 14 years of work experience both in industry and academic institutions. A prolific writer and a keen researcher, he has written 15 books in the field of management, computer science and psychology.

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